This is a condition that causes severe and chronic swelling in the sacroiliac joints and the spine. Inflammation of these areas causes acute pain and causes the spine and surrounding areas to become stiff.
This is a condition that is also commonly known as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). It is a mood disorder which causes a person to have non-specific worries. The fears experienced by a person suffering from anxiety often leads to inability to think in
This is a condition that causes recurrent ulcers in the mouth also known as canker sores. It causes shallow ulcers in the oral cavity on the mucous membrane.
Aplastic anemia, as obviated by the name, deals with both anemia and aplasia. In this blood disorder, the bone marrow becomes incapable of producing sufficient amounts of new blood cells.
This is a disease that causes persistent inflammation of the joints. The disease is an autoimmune condition and it causes organs in the body to swell in addition to joints and surrounding tissue.
The symptoms of ADHD in children and teenagers are easy to identify. One of the symptoms is physical hyperactivity. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults is observed when they have trouble focusing on a task after their focus has shifted to a
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia occurs when antibodies directed against the person's own red blood cells cause them to burst, leading to insufficient plasma concentration.
Bladder cancer occurs when abnormal cells invade the bladder and causes necrosis (death) of healthy cells, therefore leading to improper functioning of the bladder.
This is a condition in which there is blood present in semen. The condition is also referred to as hematospermia. One of the most common causes of blood in the semen, which is temporary, is prostate biopsy.
Most cancer that is present in the bones is as a result of the metastasizing of cancer in remote regions. Bone tumors can be treated by surgery and if cancerous the treatment can include radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Brain tumor refers to a cancerous growth that develops in the brain. Tumors in the brain can be either malignant or benign. A malignant tumor is a mass of cells that grows quickly and that are closely joined to the brain cells. A benign tumor grows slowly
The medical term for broken bones is bone fracture. This is a condition that results in a bone getting disjointed due to any number of reasons. Bones are very sturdy but they might break if they are unable to withstand the impact of a force.
When the skin is exposed to excessively high temperatures, it gets damaged by the heat. The nature of the heat determines what kind of damage is caused to skin.
Bursitis causes a bursa to get swollen and it is not the same as arthritis since arthritis affects joints. The shoulder is the bone that is most commonly affected by bursitis.
Spondylosis is a term that is used to refer to fixation or stiffening of the individual bones that make up the spine. Spondylosis causes one or more of the vertebrae to swell. Spondylosis is usually as a result of incomplete development of the part of the
Also known as angular cheilitis, the condition causes an inflammation of the corner of the mouth. It usually occurs bilaterally. The condition causes one or several cracks that are deep and often painful when a person opens the mouth.
Chilblain is a condition that affects people who are exposed to extreme cold. The condition causes small painful bumps on the skin that are red, painful, and itchy. The bumps usually form in the areas that are exposed to the cold such as fingers, ears, no
This is a disease of the biliary tract. The disease is characterized by several spectral ranges including biliary colic, cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis, cholangitis, and asymptomatic gallstones. Cholecystitis is a serious problem in which all the duc
This is a condition that refers to formation of at least one gallstone in the common bile duct.
This condition is also referred to as gallstones. It is the formation of crystalline masses that cause blockage in the gall bladder.
This is a medical condition that causes the cartilage present on the lower part of the kneecap to soften. It causes the area to ache and the pain is localized in the front part of the knee.
This condition is also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME). It causes persistent fatigue that doesnít end. This fatigue can often last up to about 6 months.
Cirrhosis refers to abnormalities in the liver. This condition is caused by several liver diseases that lead to death and injury of liver cells.
This is a condition that causes the cartilage connecting ribs to the breastbone to swell. The point where ribs join the sternum is the costosternal joint. This condition causes severe pain that is similar to the pain caused by heart attacks.
This condition is also called impaired ejaculation. It is characterized by an unusually long period of sexual stimulation before semen is released from a manís penis. In some cases, men are completely unable to ejaculate.
When the roots of teeth become exposed they are susceptible to attack by bacteria therefore causing decay, or dental caries.
The disorder is characterized by a sad mood that goes beyond ordinary sadness or grief. Depression is a group of symptoms that lead to a certain frame of mind.
Tendons are tissues that are used to support and anchor bones and muscle. They are usually elastic and stretch according to the movement of muscle and bones. DeQuervain's tendinitis affects the tendon shafts of the tendons leading from the thumb to the a
Dermatomyositis (DM) is connective-tissue disease that is characterized by inflammation of the muscles and the skin...
This is a condition that causes calcification and hardening of ligaments at the points of attachment to the spine. Another name for this condition is Forestierís disease.
Dislocation occurs in the shoulder and it refers to a situation where the head of the joint in the upper arm is dislodged from its socket.
This is a condition that causes an uncontrollable release of saliva from the mouth and it usually occurs at the extreme ends of the mouth. The condition is also known as salivation or ptyalism.
This is a feeling of tiredness or sleepiness characterized by inability to keep eyes open. The condition can be accompanied by lethargy, lack of mental ability, and weakness
As the name suggests, drug-induced liver disease is caused by certain drugs which might be either prescription drugs or over-the-counter drugs. Hormones, herbs, vitamin supplements, recreational (illicit) drugs, and environmental toxins are also causative
Eczema refers to several conditions of the skin that cause inflammation. There are several causes of eczema and they may be temporary or chronic. They may also be mild or severe.
This condition is more popularly known as bedwetting. It is mostly common in children and mostly affects boys.
In eosinophilia, the patient suffers from excessive levels of eosinophils, which is a type of white blood cell that fights diseases.
Also known as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), it is not one condition but consists of several diseases which lead to accumulation of fat in the cells of the liver.
Favism is basically a hereditary disease. It is a condition in which the patient suffers from acute hemolytic anemia when exposed to fava beans. In this condition, the body experience an acute deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.
Filariasis is basically an infectious parasitic tropical disease. It refers to the presence of thread-like worms known as nematodes or filariae within the lymph nodes.
Simply known as ataxia, the condition is characterized by absence of coordination of muscles when a person is carrying out voluntary movements. These movements involve normal operations such as walking and picking objects up.
It occurs when a person is exposed to very low temperatures, often below freezing point. This condition is a medical emergency as it can lead to severe complications.
Also known as adhesive capsulitis, frozen shoulder is a condition that leads to pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint. The symptoms of frozen shoulder appear gradually and after getting to the worst part, they resolve gradually within a period of one y
This is a rare disease of the gallbladder that is characterized by the formation of cancerous cells in the gallbladder.
A ganglion is a tumor or cyst that forms on top of a joint. It also forms on the part that covers tendons and it looks like a sac filled with liquid. The sac is filled with a clear, thick, and sticky fluid substance. The ganglion might be firm or spongy d
This is a disease of the placenta that can be benign or malignant. Geostational trophoblastic neoplasia is a malignant form of growth and it can cause the formation of multiple moles that invade the placental wall.
This is a tumor that forms in the hand and it affects the tendon sheaths of hands. There are two main types of giant cell tumors. The first type is common localized giant cell tumor and the second type is rare diffuse giant cell tumor.
It is a condition that is characterized by a person feeling like there is a lump in his or her throat. This condition is persistent and it might not always affect swallowing.
Glossitis is a medical condition that causes the tongue to swell, appear smooth, and change in color. The tongue usually changes color to dark red.
It is a form of arthritis of the joints ant it causes severe attacks that occur suddenly and cause redness, swelling, and pain in the affected joint.
This is a common problem of feet and it is often localized to the heel and the area just behind the heel. In some cases it can cause severe pain and can cause a person to be rendered immobile.
This is an abnormal accumulation of blood vessels in the internal organs or skin. They usually occur on the neck and head area. When hemangiomas are superficial, they usually heal on their own.
It is a noncancerous growth that occurs in healthy tissue, mostly known to occur in the liver. About 7% of healthy people are estimated to suffer from hepatic hemangioma.
Hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder wherein the blood is prevented rom clotting normally. Individuals who suffer from hemophilia tend to bleed far more than others in case of an injury.
Hepatic encephalopathy refers to malfunctioning of the brain due to diseases in the liver. Several types of encephalopathy exist and they have different effects on the brain.
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver which might be caused by many different factors that cause injury to the cells of the liver.
Chronic persistent hepatitis is inflammation of the liver which may be caused by a virus. The condition is also known as persistent hepatitis, mild chronic hepatitis, and chronic lobular hepatitis.
This is a condition that causes nuclear material to be displaced and end up in the spinal canal. This can cause injury to disks in the spine.
This is a term used to describe a swollen mouth that is sore. The condition interferes with talking, eating, and even sleeping. Canker sores and cold sores are forms of stomatitis.
This is a collection of clear fluid in a thin-walled sac inside the scrotum. Due to some similarities in the male and female gonads, females might also get a hydrocele.
Hyperhidrosis is a condition that causes production of excessive sweat even when the body is cool. It occurs mostly in people between 25 and 64 years of age.
It is a condition that is used to express extreme reactions as a result of various stimuli. The condition usually causes a person to react to stimulus with extreme emotions such as hatred, fear, anger, and frustration.
In idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura or ITP, the platelet count of the body drops to a dangerous level for unknown reasons. It is also known as immune thrombocytopenia and leads to excessive bleeding in case an injury occurs.
Also commonly referred to as erectile dysfunction, impotence is the inability to achieve or sustain an erection. Erectile dysfunction is different from lack of sexual desire and ejaculatory dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction causes a man to fail to achieve
This is a condition that leads to inability to sleep. A person may also be unable to stay asleep for long regardless of the effort made. The condition leads to inability to function properly during the day due to lack of sleep.
This is a disorder of the liver that is rare and it involves generalized itching. It is because of an abnormal flow of bile. The disorder mostly occurs in the late second to early third trimester of pregnancy.
Iron deficiency anemia basically occurs when the body does not have sufficient iron. This condition is rather common and approximately half of the anemic people in the world suffer from it.
These are noncancerous growths that develop on the fibrous tissue of the skin.
There is increased risk of osteoarthritis as a person grows older. It also rarely occurs in younger people but often with underlying medical conditions. The condition is also known as wear and tear arthritis. It causes the tissue that is responsible for
This is a condition that causes inflammation of the larynx, which is commonly referred to as the voice box. The larynx is an organ that contains a group of membranes that vibrate when air is forced through them. Laryngitis causes a person to have a croaki
Leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow or blood. In this condition, the body goes through a rapid increase in the formation of white blood cells that over time begin crowding other normal cells.
This is a condition in which a person develops a patch on the tongue or the inner parts of the cheek. The patch is usually grey or white in color.
This is a condition that causes the mucous membrane and skin to swell. The condition forms flat-topped bumps on the skin that are purplish in color and often itchy.
There is a group of cancers known as head and neck cancers. Lip and oral cavity cancer is part of the conditions in that group. Lip and oral cavity cancer is usually malignant and it spreads through the lymphatic system.
A cyst refers to a swelling resembling a sac that contains gas, fluid, or semi-solid material. Liver cysts develop on the liver and they can be as a result of several factors.
This is a condition that is very common and it affects almost 90% of the people at some point. The pain is not a disease in itself and it is usually a sign of underlying medical conditions. No underlying condition can be found in a whopping 85% of people
Lumbar spinal stenosis refers to a condition where the spinal canal becomes narrowed in the lumbar spine. This causes the nerves to become compressed and therefore leading to the symptoms of the disease.
This is a form of arthritis that causes the cartilage in the joints of the lumbar spine to get degraded and eventually lost. Cartilage in between the bones helps to absorb shock and provide lubrication for easy movement. The condition is often age-related
Lymphadenitis occurs when the lymph nodes become inflamed. This condition is basically a form of complication of different bacterial infections that occur on a wound.
The condition in which an infection occurs within the lymph vessels or lymph channels is known as lymphangitis. It is characterized by certain inflammatory skin conditions which are triggered by bacterial infections.
Male infertility occurs when there is production of few sperm, malformed sperm that is immobile, or blockages in the reproductive system that prevents delivery of sperm.
Manic episodes refer to when a person has discrete periods of persistent euphoric, irritable, or elated moods. The individual might also suffer from bipolar disorder but this is not always the case.
This is a rare type of tumor that occurs in the mediastinum. The tumor is usually invasive and malignant in nature.
Megaloblastic anemia is a form of blood disorder in which the red blood cells tend to become abnormally large.
There are several types of skin cancer. Melanoma is one of them and it is the most dangerous form. In every 5000 people that are diagnosed with the disease, about 900 of them die as a result of it. This type of skin cancer is easily treatable when it is d
This condition is also referred to as intellectual disability and it causes a person to have lower-than-average intelligence and lack of skill for simple tasks. People that suffer from mental retardation have the ability to learn and acquire new skills bu
In order to stay healthy, men must always stay alert for the signs and symptoms of disease. The human body has many defense mechanisms and in the presence of a problem, there are usually subtle signs that a keen observer can pick out.
This is a condition that often arises from a series of several disorders. The most common disorders include polymyositis, scleroderma, and lupus. Since the condition is usually as a result of several diseases, it is usually referred to as overlap disease.
Motor neurons are nerve cells that the brain uses to send commands that involve neurons. The disease leads to gradual destruction of motor neurons which impedes the ability of the brain to communicate with muscles and other tissues responsible for movemen
This is a type of cancer that causes plasma cells that are usually confined in soft tissues to overgrow and spread to the bone marrow.
This is a term that refers to several disorders that affect the arms, face, spine, legs, and heart muscles. The condition causes muscles in the affected area to shrink and grow weaker over time.
This condition causes muscles that are under voluntary control to rapidly get tired and weak. The cause of this condition is communication issues between nerves and muscles.
This is a long-term condition that affects the central nervous system. The condition often causes a person to feel excessively sleepy during the day.
This is a type of cancer that occurs in the area behind the nose. The nasopharynx is the cavity above the mouth where the right and left nasal passages join. This type of cancer is relatively rare in the United States but it is more common in Asian countr
Also known a nervous exhaustion, neurasthenia is thought to be brought about by too much stress or anxiety. The condition is most common in people that live stressful lives.
In the condition known as neutropenia, the body of the patient experiences a severe decrease in the amount of neutrophils in the bloodstream. Neutrophils are a part of white blood cell and help the body in fighting bacteria, which is why people suffering
infants cry excessively due to uncommon causes such as pain, common cold, sore throat, and colic. Crying excessively also indicates the probability of a serious condition such as an infection.
This is a condition that is usually seen in children when they experience nightmares. The condition is characterized by recurring episodes of fear during sleep and sometimes a person might even cry during sleep.
There are two major types of nosebleeds depending on where they originate from. The first type is anterior nosebleeds which make up more than 90% of reported cases. The bleeding originates from the nasal septum, which is the inner lining of the nasal cavi
This is a condition that causes inflammation of either one or both testes in men. This condition has mostly been associated with the mumps virus. One in every three men that get mumps after puberty develops orchitis.
This is a condition that causes inflammation of either one or both testes in men. This condition has mostly been associated with the mumps virus. One in every three men that get mumps after puberty develops orchitis.
It is inflammation of the bone marrow and the bone surrounding it due to infection. When there is an infection in a bone, it swells and causes pressure to increase in the blood vessels and bone marrow.
This is a condition that causes bone to die due to poor supply of blood. The condition usually affects shoulders and hips. Large joints that are affected by this condition include elbows, ankles, wrists, and knees.
This is a condition that causes weakness in bones and therefore increases the chances of fractures. The condition mostly affects elderly people.
Paranasal sinus cancer is a condition where congestion in the nose never seems to clear, and would get progressively worse. Production of pus, nosebleeds, numbness in the face, lost sense of smell, watery eyes, bulging eyes, loosening of teeth, changes in
This is a disease that causes degradation of the nervous system that is responsible for movement. The disease develops very slowly and usually starts with trembling in one hand. The disease might also cause a person to be stiff or to move slowly.
Also known as Marchiafava-Micheli Syndrome, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, or PNH, is an acquired life-threatening blood disease, which is characterized by the impaired production and premature death of blood cells.
The penis is used to pass urine and other substances from the body. Penile cancer can affect any part of the penis.
It is a severe infection of the gum in the mouth and it destroys the gum and bones that give support to the teeth. The condition can cause a person to lose teeth and it is also known to increase susceptibility to heart attack and stroke.
This disease causes fibrous scar tissue to develop inside a manís penis and it causes the penis to be curved when erect. The erection is also painful due to stress exerted on the tissue as it gets engorged with blood during an erection.
This is the medical term for sore throats and it is caused by viral infections and mechanical causes like breathing through the mouth.
Polycythemia Vera is a fairly rare blood disorder which is characterized by the production of excessive red blood cells by the bone marrow.
This condition is usually abbreviated as PTSD and it is a mental health problem that is caused when a person goes through a terrifying event.
This is a term used to refer to conditions that occur after a cholecystectomy. The condition is characterized by abnormal flow of bile as a result of the gallbladder being unable to act as a reservoir for bile.
This is a condition that leads to a man ejaculating too early after a short period of sexual excitement. This leads to a strain in the relationship because the female partner seldom gets satisfied during sexual intercourse.
This is a condition that is characterized by a long duration of penile erection. This erection is usually unwanted and it does not occur as a result of sexual arousal. The condition is usually painful.
This is a chronic disease that is due to destruction of the small bile ducts in the liver. Primary biliary cirrhosis originates from the liver as the small bile ducts present in the liver are destroyed. This causes bile to be unable to flow into the gut.
The prostate gland grows bigger as men grow older and in some cases it becomes more than seven times its original size. This growth is quite excessive and it is known as hyperplasia. The resulting condition is called benign prostatic hyperplasia.
This is a condition that refers to inflammation of the prostate gland. Four types of prostatitis are therefore recognized. The first type is known as acute bacterial prostatitis. Other forms include: chronic bacterial prostatitis, asymptomatic inflammato
This is the medical term for swollen dental pulp. The condition has a number of causes and it is not a medical emergency.
Pure red cell aplasia is an acquired condition in which the patient suffers from an absence of red blood cells or erythrocytes in the blood.
It is a condition that causes a personís legs to feel unusually uncomfortable and it often happens in the evening when the person is seated or lying down. This condition makes a person feel uncomfortable resting and causes the person to feel like standing
This is a condition that causes bones in children to weaken and soften. The main cause of this condition is prolonged deficiency of vitamin D.
Also referred to as salivary gland stones, the condition leads to formation of stones causing a blockage of ducts of the salivary gland that transmit saliva into the mouth.
This is a chronic medical condition that causes abnormalities in the brainís message system. The condition causes loss of ability to think clearly and behave normally.
It is caused by irritation of the nerve called the sciatic nerve. Pain caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve is usually felt in the lower back.
This is a condition that causes the skin to become harder and thicker. It is an autoimmune disease and it belongs to the same group of diseases as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus.
The scrotum has a high number of sweat glands and the surface area when stretched is rather big. As a result the scrotum sweats more than other body parts but in some people more than others.
Teeth contain numerous nerves. When the nerves are exposed then teeth sensitivity develops.
This is an immune system disorder that causes dryness in the eyes and mouth. It has similarities with several other disorders of the immune system including lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. In Sjogren's syndrome, the mucus membranes that are responsible f
The word abscess refers to the accumulation of pus on a given area of the body. Skin abscess causes a sac-like swelling to form on the skin and this sac is filled with pus.
Skin cancer is very common all over the world. Skin cancer can be divided into three main groups: melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma.
In this medical condition, a patient is often seen to walk during sleep and also carry out activities that range in complexity. All this is done when a person is completely asleep.
This is a harsh sound that originates from the throat and it might be a result of obstruction of the airways when a person is sleeping. Sometimes snoring might occur when a person is awake. This condition might indicate the presence of an underlying medic
Sarcoma of the soft tissues is cancer of the soft tissues in the body. This tissue has the function of cushioning, connecting, and supporting organs of the body and bones.
This is a condition that closely resembles night emissions. It is a condition in which a man ejaculates involuntarily and ejects semen in an excessive manner.
Sprains and strains are very common injuries in physically active people such as athletes. A sprain is an excessive stretching and/or tearing of a ligament whose purpose is to support a joint. A strain, on the other hand, is an excessive stretching and/or
The salivary glands are known as parotid in medical terms. Suppurative parotitis is a term used to refer to infection of the salivary glands and the infection can be bacterial or viral.
There are several types of synovitis. The condition causes inflammation of joints and their causes vary greatly. Synovitis causes an affected joint to become inflated and painful. Depending on the cause of the condition, a person may experience different
This medical term refers to a number of complicated medical conditions involving the jaw joints. Other names for the condition include: Costeinís syndrome and myofascial pain dysfunction.
Cases of testicular cancer are usually found by self-observation. There are two sub-types of testicular cancer including seminoma (30% of the cases) and non-seminoma (70% of cases) testicular cancer.
Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder in which the body starts making a rather abnormal type of hemoglobin. The result of this disorder leads to a severe destruction of the red blood cells, which subsequently leads to the onset of anemia.
Thrombocythemia is a rare disorder of the blood in which the megakaryocytes present in the bone marrow produce excessive platelets. The condition causes severe problems in the clotting of blood.
it is cancer of the tongue and is usually in the form of squamous cell carcinoma. The cancer starts on the outermost layer of the tongue and it appears as an ulcer that doesnít seem to heal.
It is a term that refers to dental pain that is located in the teeth and jaw. Toothache is often caused by dental problems such as cavities, cracks, decay, and gum disease.
This condition is also known as transient synovitis. It is the most cited cause of pain in the hips experienced by children. The condition is a result of infection by viruses.
Also known as MTB or TB, tuberculosis is an infectious disease that is fairly common and, in a majority of cases, lethal. It is caused by certain strains of mycobacteria and basically attacks the lungs. However, it can additionally affect others parts of
This is a condition also referred to as cryptorchidism. It is a congenital condition. When a person has an undescended testicle, he has a testicle that failed to descend from the upper abdomen into the scrotum.
This is a condition that a person has if he or she is unable to control the passage of urine. A common name for this condition is Ďleaky bladderí. The condition is surprisingly common and in elderly people it might affect up to 30%.
Von Willebrand disease or VWD is a hereditary bleeding disorder, which impacts the ability of your blood to form clots. This results in heavy bleeding, which is extremely hard to stop once an injury takes place.